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Recent History of Dubrovnik

After the First World War, the disintegration of the Habsburg Monarchy, Dubrovnik, together with the entire Croatian, becomes part of the state of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, which on December 1st, 1918 becomes the Kingdom of Serbs, and in 1929 finally Kingdom of Yugoslavia. The division of the country is made into 33 regions, Vidovdan Constitution in 1921, founder of Dubrovnik area in the 1923. It becomes part of the declaration of dictatorship banate Zeta, based in Cetinje. Finally in 1939, a special banate Croatia, which are part of the Dubrovnik area, was established.

In 1941, the proclamation of the Independent Croatian State, it is becoming part of Dubrovnik. It was the parish seat of Dubrava. Most of Dubrovnik was a rising revolt against the fascist Independent State of Croatia, and joined the illegal anti-fascist movement led by the National Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia. In Dubrovnik, fascist terror was present. After the fall of fascism in October and November, 1944 on the islands Daksa, Korčula and Jakljan, as well as on peninsula Pelješac and Orsula in Dubrovnik, the communists killed 109 civilians and 78 members of the armed forces. Most of those killed were members of the HSS with the priests, among whom was Petar Perić, author of religious songs, "Hail Lady, Queen of Croats" and "As the heavens let it resound”.

The end of the war and the establishment of the communist Democratic Federal Yugoslavia, Dubrovnik included in its composition and becomes part of People’s / Croatian Socialist Republic. 

Novija povijest Dubrovnika

In Central and Eastern Europe begins to weaken Soviet political and social system. Then take effect in Croatia organized a movement which was the target of the free democratic Croatia.

In 1990, multiparty elections were held, which was destroyed Communism in Croatia. The most votes won the Croatian Democratic Union, led by Franjo Tudjman. A referendum was held in 1997, in which most of Dubrovnik has opted for an independent Croatia.

At the same time the census was conducted, after which the municipality of Dubrovnik live 70 602 inhabitants, of whom 58 300 Croats, 4,735 Serbs and Muslims and other nationalities. Knowing of the imminent war, most Serbs moved to the Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro.

On October 1st, 1991, members of the JNA Trebinje and Montenegrin volunteers - began an armed attack on Dubrovnik, with the aim of creating a Greater Serbia. The city was bombed on a daily basis, and worst of the shelling was the sixth December 1991.

Since the shell was killed on the cross Srđ, damaged Onofrio fountain, Franciscan and Dominican monastery, the church of Saint Blaise and other shrines, Archive, hotels, electrical installations and numerous other buildings. However, they soon came to the help of UNESCO, the city was rebuilt.

American aircraft to USAF CT-43 crashed near Dubrovnik in April 3rd, 1996. In fact, killing 34 passengers, among whom were an American Secretary of Commerce Ron Brown and the New York Times reporter's Nathaniel Nash.
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